White mangroves grow in the higher intertidal zone, on higher land than the red and black mangroves. Being a landward mangrove, it acts as a buffer zone to storm surges to stores as well as providing nesting sites for birds. Mangroves have evolved special aerial roots which allow the trees to ‘breathe’ even when the trunk is submerged. Due to increasing human pressure from coastal development and aquaculture, the global coverage of mangroves has been significantly reduced making the protection of Galapagos mangroves incredibly important.
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