Wildlife of Galapagos4/4: Wildlife of Galapagos Quiz What type of succession involves the colonisation of bare rock?*LithosereHalosereHydroserePsammosereHint: Succession is the act of following in order or sequence. What is the name of the first species to colonise the Galapagos?*ApexPioneerExplorerPrimaryHint: These species must be able to survive in terrains often too harsh for other species.What does the final stage of succession in the Galapagos involve?*Flowering plants growing in sandy soilLarge trees that form a humid rainforestResiliant plants growing in thin soilAlgae, lichen and mosses living on volcanic rockHint: Think about the first stages of succession and how the process might progress.What term can be used to describe a species found only in the Galapagos Islands?*ExtinctTerrestrialNativeEndemicHint: These types of species cannot be found anywhere else.Why are less plant species found on the Galapagos Islands than in mainland Ecuador?*Most plant seeds are not resilient to sea waterOnly spore-bearing plants can travel to the GalapagosThe Galapagos Islands are too harsh for plants to growHuman activity has made most of the plant species in the Galapagos extinctHint: Think about how new species might be able to reach Galapagos.Which of the following is the correct taxonomic chain?*Family > Order > Kingdom > Phylum > Class > Genus > SpeciesFamily > Phylum > Class > Order > Kingdom > Species > GenusKingdom > Phylum > Class > Order > Family > Species > GenusKingdom > Phylum > Class > Order > Family > Genus > SpeciesHint: How were we able to differentiate the killer whale (Orcinus orca) from all the other species?What does a taxonomic ‘key’ do?*Allows you to categorise organisms into speciesAllows you to compare species according to their physical characteristicsAllows you to group species with similar genetic profilesAll of the aboveHint: What sort of information might be useful to ecologists?How many plant and animal species have been recorded in the Galapagos Islands?*Around 2,000Less than 500Over 90,000Over 9,000Hint: These are all recorded in the datazone produced by the Charles Darwin Foundation.