Wildlife of Galapagos4/4: Wildlife of Galapagos Quiz What type of succession involves the colonisation of bare rock?*LithosereHydroserePsammosereHalosereHint: Succession is the act of following in order or sequence. What is the name of the first species to colonise the Galapagos?*PrimaryPioneerApexExplorerHint: These species must be able to survive in terrains often too harsh for other species.What does the final stage of succession in the Galapagos involve?*Algae, lichen and mosses living on volcanic rockLarge trees that form a humid rainforestResiliant plants growing in thin soilFlowering plants growing in sandy soilHint: Think about the first stages of succession and how the process might progress.What term can be used to describe a species found only in the Galapagos Islands?*ExtinctTerrestrialNativeEndemicHint: These types of species cannot be found anywhere else.Why are less plant species found on the Galapagos Islands than in mainland Ecuador?*Most plant seeds are not resilient to sea waterThe Galapagos Islands are too harsh for plants to growHuman activity has made most of the plant species in the Galapagos extinctOnly spore-bearing plants can travel to the GalapagosHint: Think about how new species might be able to reach Galapagos.Which of the following is the correct taxonomic chain?*Kingdom > Phylum > Class > Order > Family > Genus > SpeciesFamily > Order > Kingdom > Phylum > Class > Genus > SpeciesKingdom > Phylum > Class > Order > Family > Species > GenusFamily > Phylum > Class > Order > Kingdom > Species > GenusHint: How were we able to differentiate the killer whale (Orcinus orca) from all the other species?What does a taxonomic ‘key’ do?*Allows you to categorise organisms into speciesAllows you to compare species according to their physical characteristicsAllows you to group species with similar genetic profilesAll of the aboveHint: What sort of information might be useful to ecologists?How many plant and animal species have been recorded in the Galapagos Islands?*Less than 500Over 90,000Around 2,000Over 9,000Hint: These are all recorded in the datazone produced by the Charles Darwin Foundation.